Early Modern | War History

Death & Marriage in Civil War: John Marshal Gains Power in Medieval England

Morgan Deane

Civil wars contain challenges on a number of levels. The often tortuous family trees of medieval monarchs combined with many ambitious minor officials who hardly…

Aggressive warrior emperor from China’s less well known period of disunion

Morgan Deane

This true story details the actions of an aggressive warrior emperor from China’s less well known period of disunion. This was the largest time frame…

What Happened To Prisoners Of War In Medieval England – There Was Good Money To Be Made

Ian Harvey

In medieval times, war in Europe could be a complicated business involving allegiances and family interests that could span the entire continent. Up until late…

The Mystery of Medieval Weapons & Armor – Where Did It All Go?

The Fantastic Find The Battle of Visby in 1361 was not a particularly important battle in history. An army of Danes led by their king,…

The Spanish Mercenaries Were Outnumbered 500-1, The Battle of Cajamarca, 1532

Steve MacGregor

Most military commanders will think twice about an attack unless they have an advantage in numbers over the enemy. However, in 1532 a Spanish conquistador…

The Battle of the Velbazhd (1330) Signaled the Beginning of Serbian Expansion

Uros Petrov

The Battle of Velbazhd was fought between the Kingdom of Serbia under Stefan Uroš III, known as Stefan Dečanski, and the Bulgarian Empire under Michael…

The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh: The Last Pitched Battle Between England & Scotland

On September 10, 1547, the national armies of England and Scotland fought in a pitched battle at Pinkie Cleugh. Though no one knew it at the…

The Battle of Flodden: The Largest Battle Fought Between England and Scotland

Andrew Knighton

Until their unification in the 17th century, England and Scotland had a long history of war against each other. The greatest battle of these conflicts…

The Battle of Bosworth Field: How Richard III Lost His Kingdom & His Life

Andrew Knighton

The Battle of Bosworth Field was fought on the 22nd of August 1485 outside the small town of Market Bosworth, England. It was one of…

WW2 “Sweetheart Grips” Surprisingly Few People Know About Them

The personalization of equipment goes back for centuries. The Greeks often had to supply their own armor so they usually added ridged elements that simulated…

1860: The First U.S. Navy Submarine: “Alligator”

Submarines did not become common in naval forces around the world until the 20th century. But one did exist in 1860s America during the Civil War–the…

Pedro de Lara: From Powerful To Penniless

David Baker

A man in the midst of a mid-life crisis is not a pretty sight. His mood can trigger all kinds of ill-advised behavior and foolish…