The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II, including 31 times by the Royal Air Force (RAF). Air raid alarms went off in the winter/spring of 1940 as enemy bombers passed overhead. However, the first actual bombing took place on 12 May 1940. The most notable attack on Cologne was the first Allied 1,000 bomber raid on 30/31 May 1942.
During the 1939 to 1945 period the Royal Air Force dropped 34,711 long tons of bombs on the city.
A massive thank you to Dierk Lürbke who allowed us to use the images from his great website www.anicursor.com
View to the city districts Nippes, Riehl und Altstadt Nord. In background church St. Agnes and the square Ebertplatz, Riehler Strasse and Reichenspergerplatz with the building of the higher regional court.
Courtesy of David Foster
Cathedral and central station. Courtesy of Peter Dunn’s “Australia @ War” website at www.ozatwar.com, by permission of Peter Dunn
Pvt. Harry Roeder, 504th Military Police Battalion, took this photo showing the damages to the Cathedral. His son Bruce kindly allowed me to show the photo here and he maintains an interesting website about his father and his experiences during and after the war here: What did you do in the war dad? part 3.
Photo copyright: Jimmy Wood. Courtesy of 75nzsquadron.com by Simon
Simon’s father Robert Douglas ‘Jock’ Sommerville from Scotland was a Bomb Aimer in 75(NZ) Squadron RAF and during WWII he flew several raids to German cities. This flights haunted him after the war. He was an honourable and a fair man. It was only after he had died that Simon learnt from one of Robert’s friends that on a summer holiday tour of Germany in the 80’s he touched the wall of the Cathedral and wept inconsolably.
Photo shows the damages to the Cathedral.
This photo was sent by David Foster too. Central station and destroyed bridge Hohenzollernbrücke
There’s no description about the picture on the web – excepted it’s Cologne – but it seems to be an air raid over Cologne’s eastern city districts Kalk, Humboldt-Gremberg and Vingst. There’s the Shunting yard Kalk-North and actually bomb explosions around a little train station within an industrial area. Courtesy of Issara Willenskomer via flickr-Website. Issara’s flickr website
On the right side a hospital called “Krankenhaus der Augustinerinnen” in Cologne called “Severins-Klösterchen” too. The church nearby is the church “Kartäuserkirche” and the Streets around are called “Jakobstrasse” and “Kartäusergasse”. The cologne city district is “Altstadt Süd”.
Courtesy of Kevin “The Rocketeer”. Kevin’s website
The destroyed bridge “Hohenzollernbrücke”. Photo sent by Bernd Fromader
Cologne, city district Mülheim, two heavy day attacks on October 14-15, 1944. One of destroyed the bridge “Mülheimer Brücke”
Cathedral and ruins
St. Aposteln at square Neumarkt
On the right side the old building is the “Gürzenich”, a historic hall for celebrations – today again a hall for celebrations. It’s the area around square Heumarkt. Courtesy of Norman Date. Norman’s website
Cathedral and in foreground the destroyed Hindenburg bridge. Courtesy of Norman Date. Norman’s website