Bone Chilling Pictures of Jews Being Humiliated And Led Off To Be Exterminated By Nazi Germany

Minsk-Juden
Minsk-Juden

Adolf Hitler and the other Nazi leaders of Germany believed that Jews were racially inferior and dangerous. They used propaganda to convince the German people that they had to be dealt with. The Nazis made laws that deprived Jews of their rights and property. Then they forcibly separated them from the rest of German society and put them into ghettos.

They were made to wear yellow triangles so that everyone would know they were Jews. They made a plan to kill not only all the Jews in Germany but all the Jews in the countries that Germany had conquered. They called this plan the ‘Final Solution’ to the Jewish ‘problem.’ The world has come to call this terrible atrocity the ‘Holocaust.’ Jews call it ‘Shoah.’

Between 1941 and 1945 almost 9 million European Jews were murdered. This genocide was one of the largest in history. And not only Jews were oppressed and killed. Russians, Poles, Romani (Gypsies), the physically and mentally disabled, communists, homosexuals and many other minority groups suffered.

Every branch of the German government was involved in the genocide. Over 200,000 officials were involved in the murders. Germany ran 42,500 concentration camps and other facilities involved in moving, detaining and killing Jews and other people. Some of the most infamous of the extermination camps were Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Belzec. Most were killed with poisonous gas.

Others were shot or worked to death. Before the poor victims were killed, they were often made to work for the Nazis without proper food and rest. Nazi doctors also performed horrible experiments on them.

After the war, Nazi leaders were put on trial by the Allies or these and other crimes. The trials took place at Nuremberg in Germany. Many were found guilty and imprisoned or executed.

German war photographers took pictures of all that happened in the Third Reich that included the treatment of the Jews.

We have made a selection of these pictures that have been made available by the Bundesarchiv.

Minsk-JudenMinsk – Jews force marched through the streets

Bundesarchiv_N_1576_Bild-001,_Ghetto_Litzmannstadt,_Arbeitseinsatz_von_JudenPoland, Ghetto Litzmannstadt – Jews performing forced labor

Griechenland, Saloniki, Erfassung von JudenGreece – Salonika, Jews being herded together to be sent to forced labor camps. 1941.

Russland, Zwangsarbeit von JudenThe Soviet Union- Jews marched off for forced labor, 1941.

Belgrad, Erfassung von JudenSerbia – After Belgrade was captured the Jews were rounded up to be set to work

Tunis, Arbeitseinsatz von JudenNorth-Africa – Tunis, Jews marched off to perform forced labor

Polnische Juden bei der ArbeitPolish Jews performing forced labor

Polen, Zichenau, Juden vor einer BekanntmachungPoland – Jewish man and woman reading a proclamation restricting them further

Judenlager Krakau

Poland – Jews in a Jewish prison camp in 1939

403px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-138-1083-06,_Russland,_Mogilew,_Zwangsarbeit_von_JudenThe Soviet-Union – Jewish men taking a break 

Frankreich, Demarkationslinie, Kontrollposten

France – On the border between Nazi-occupied France and Vichy France a large sign says, “Jews are not allowed to cross the demarcation line into occupied France.”

420px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-B10814,_Frankreich,_Paris,_Festnahme_von_JudenFrance – A Jewish Man rounded up for forced labor

Marseille, Gare d'Arenc. Deportation von JudenFrance – Marseille, Gare d’Arenc. Deportation of Jews to a concentration camp

Marseille, Gare d'Arenc. Deportation von JudenFrance – Marseille, Gare d’Arenc. Deportation of Jews to a concentration camp

Polen, Verhaftung von Juden, TransportPoland – Arrested Jews moved by truck

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399px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-030-0794-37A,_Polen,_Bevölkerung_(Juden)_auf_StraßePoland – Jewish men on the streets

Russland, Mogilew, Zwangsarbeit von JudenThe Soviet Union – Jews forced to clean the streets

404px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-186-0160-13,_Russland,_Misshandlung_eines_JudenThe Soviet Union –  A Jewish man being pulled through the streets by locals while German soldier watch

Warschau, Juden (?) bei AufräumungsarbeitenPoland – Warsaw, Polish men forced to clear the streets of rubble

Niederlande, Verhaftung emigrierter Juden

Translated Nazi propaganda text: “We’ve got them at last!’ Jews from Germany, who escaped via Berlin, Vienna, Prague and Warsaw to Amsterdam and are interned in the Netherlands in order to spread their nasty stories all over the world. We have managed to capture a few of those Jews leading this, others managed to escape to Paris and London, but we’ll find them and find a fitting punishment for their poisonous interference!”

Ioannina, Deportation von JudenGreece – Jews in the process of being deported

408px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-187-0203-10,_Russland,_Zwangsrasur_eines_JudenBeard forcibly cut off a Jewish man

Polen, Verhaftung von Juden, SD-MännerSmiling Germans from the SD while transporting arrested Jews

Lettland, KZ Salaspils, HäftlingsmißhandlungLatvia – Salaspils Concentration Camp, a Jew being beaten in front of other prisoners.

Polen, Ghetto Warschau, Juden auf LKW

Polen, Ghetto Warschau, Juden auf LKWJews from the Warsaw Ghetto being transported in open trucks

434px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-133-0703-30,_Polen,_Ghetto_Litzmannstadt,_Torposten

A large sign outside the Ghetto Litzmannstadt; “Jewish living area, entry forbidden.”

Bundesarchiv_Bild_101I-133-0703-19,_Polen,_Litzmannstadt,_Juden_hinter_StacheldrahtJews in the Ghetto Litzmannstadt behind barbed wire

408px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-B10917,_Frankreich,_Internierungslager_DrancyFrench Jews being held in Drancy – 1941

Krakau, Razzia von deutscher und polnischer PolizeiPolen, Krakau – Germans move in for a “Razzia”; rounding up Jews.

Krakau, Razzia von deutscher OrdnungspolizeiPoland – Krakau, German soldiers from the Ordnungspolizei rounding up Jews

374px-Bundesarchiv_Bild_152-27-13A,_Dachau_Konzentrationslager,_Häftlinge_beim_AppellDachau Concentration Camp, Jewish prisoners

Beaune-la-Rolande, Gefangene im Lager, UnterkunftFrankreich.- Beaune-la-Rolande, prisoners (presumed to be Jews) living in huts

KZ Auschwitz, Selektion von JudenJewish men being sorted in Auschwitz, those that will be forced to work are separated from those who will be dead within 6 hours.

Vernichtung der Juden in Polen durch die Nazis Zeugen des Massenmordes: ein Berg von Augengläsern in Oswiecim [Auschwitz]. ZentralbildAuschwitz – Large pile of glasses taken from murdered Jews

Source of all images: Bundesarchiv / Federal Archives