Coats Mission: King George VI’s Plan to Save the Royal Family If Germany Invaded Britain

Photo Credit: Lisa Sheridan / Studio Lisa / Hulton Archive / Getty Images
Photo Credit: Lisa Sheridan / Studio Lisa / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

During the World War II, there was a possibility that the German military would invade the United Kingdom. Quick work had already been made of several Eastern European countries, and France, Britain’s neighbor across the English Channel, had also fallen. King George VI needed to prepare himself – and he did just that, concocting what became known as the Coats Mission.

Planning the Coats Mission

King George VI sitting at a table
King George VI addresses the British public over BBC News radio networks on September 3, 1939, the day Britain declared war on Germany. (Photo Credit: Fox Photos / Hulton Archive / Getty Images)

King George VI was well aware of a potential propaganda coup, should the Germans capture him or any of his close family during an invasion of the country. Therefore, a plan was devised to move the Royals from Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle to any one of a number of secret country estates.

Among the residences chosen as safe houses were Newby Hall in North Yorkshire; Madresfield Court in Worcestershire; and Pitchford Hall in Shropshire.

If those were compromised in any way, or if the German military managed to make it to the Midlands, the plan was to transport Margaret and Elizabeth II to Liverpool, where they’d then be evacuated to Canada. Hatley Castle in Colwood, British Columbia, had been purchased for such an event.

Who was in charge of executing the plan?

Elizabeth the Queen Mother, King George VI and Princess Elizabeth standing with Royal Air Force (RAF) airmen
King George VI, Elizabeth the Queen Mother and Princess Elizabeth visiting a Royal Air Force (RAF) Bomber Command airfield, 1944. (Photo Credit: Fox Photos / Getty Images)

The Coats Mission was designed around a force that included the Coldstream Guards; the 2nd Northamptonshire Yeomanry; the 12th Royal Lancers; military police from Provost Company, 1st London Division; and the Royal Army Service Corps. Led by Maj. James Coats of the Coldstream Guards, this group was tasked with ensuring the British Royal Family met with no harm.

The company from the Coldstream Guards consisted of five officers and 124 guardsmen, each personally interviewed by Coats. They were transported by the Royal Army Service Corps, who were given a fleet of four Leyland Tiger buses.

The Lancers, dubbed the “Morris Detachment” after their commander, were tasked with evacuating George VI and Elizabeth the Queen Mother, should Germany invade. They would do this with four Guy and two Daimler armored cars. The task of evacuating Margaret and Elizabeth II was given to the 2nd Northamptonshire.

Finally, the military police were charged with traffic control and escorting the aforementioned groups. To accomplish this, they were given Norton International Model 30 racing motorcycles.

Disbanding the Coats Mission

Winston Churchill and the British Royal Family standing on the balcony at Buckingham Palace
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and the British Royal Family standing on the balcony at Buckingham Palace, in celebration of V-E Day, 1945. (Photo Credit: Culture Club / Getty Images)

With the United Kingdom being victorious in the Battle of Britain and the Germans having to split their forces between the Western and Eastern Fronts following Operation Barbarossa, the decision was made to disband the Coats Mission in 1942.

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The emergency evacuation of the Royal Family was transferred to a detachment of the Household Cavalry Composite Regiment. This was a temporary, wartime-only regiment within the British Army that was reinstated for the duration of the Second World War.

Clare Fitzgerald

Clare Fitzgerald is a Writer and Editor with eight years of experience in the online content sphere. Graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s University College at Western University, her portfolio includes coverage of digital media, current affairs, history and true crime.

Among her accomplishments are being the Founder of the true crime blog, Stories of the Unsolved, which garners between 400,000 and 500,000 views annually, and a contributor for John Lordan’s Seriously Mysterious podcast. Prior to its hiatus, she also served as the Head of Content for UK YouTube publication, TenEighty Magazine.

In her spare time, Clare likes to play Pokemon GO and re-watch Heartland over and over (and over) again. She’ll also rave about her three Maltese dogs whenever she gets the chance.

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