The Wreck of the USS Johnston (DD-557) was Once the Deepest Ever Recorded

Photo Credit: 1. Vlvescovo / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 2. US Navy / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain

The USS Johnston (DD-557) was a destroyer that saw service with the US Navy during World War II. She saw the most activity in the Marshall Islands and the Leyte Gulf, the latter of which would be the vessel’s final resting place after an encounter with Japanese naval forces in October 1944.

Service during World War II

The USS Johnston served in the Marshall Islands campaign, bombarding the beaches of Kwajalein and Eniwetok, destroying several revetments and pillboxes. On March 28, 1944, while en route to the Solomon Islands, she also attacked the Kapingamarangi atoll in the Carolines, shelling an observation tower and several pillboxes and dugouts.

The vessel then took up submarine patrol off Bougainville, Solomon Islands, and on May 25 joined with the USS Franks (DD-554) and Haggard (DD-555) to sink the Japanese submarine I-176 using depth charges. After three months of patrol duty, Johnston sailed once again to the Marshall Islands, this time to prepare for the invasion of Guam.

USS Johnston (DD-557) at sea
USS Johnston (DD-557), October 1943. (Photo Credit: US Navy / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain)

On July 21, 1944, Johnston partnered with the USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) to bombard the island, and by July 30 had fired over 4,000 shells. She then helped protect the escort carriers providing air support for the invasion and capture of Peleliu.

Following replenishment at Seeadler Harbor, Johnston sailed to the Leyte Gulf, where she continued her role in protecting escort carriers.

Sinking of the USS Johnston during the Battle Off Samar

On October 23, 1944, American submarines detected units from the Japanese fleet sailing to the area via the South China Sea. The majority of the ships making up the US forces went to engage, leaving the USS Johnston and her small escort carrier task force – Taffy 3 – alone in the north Leyte Gulf, off the San Bernardino Strait.

Portrait of Ernest E. Evans
Ernest E. Evans was commander of the USS Johnston (DD-557) when she was sunk by Japanese naval forces. (Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain)

Two days later, the powerful Japanese Center Force, made up of four battleships (including the Yamato), eight cruisers and 11 destroyers, snuck through the San Bernardino Strait and into the Philippine Sea, heading toward the Leyte Gulf. Johnston led the attack, and during the initial encounter knocked out a Japanese cruiser, but suffered extensive damage. However, her crew regrouped and re-engaged the enemy.

After two-and-a-half hours, Johnston lost power and was surrounded by the Japanese ships. Her captain, Cmdr. Ernest E. Evans, ordered his crew to abandon ship, after which the vessel rolled over and sank. The ships that also sank included the destroyer USS Hoel (DD-533). Of Johnston‘s 327-man crew, 186 died, including Evans, who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. The ship itself won the Presidential Unit Citation.

USS Johnston (DD-557) being launched into the water
Launch of the USS Johnston (DD-557) on March 25, 1943. (Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain)

The Battle off Samar and the others that made up the Battle of Leyte Gulf were a major victory for the Allied forces, as they prevented the Japanese from attacking those US troops on land as part of Gen. Douglas MacArthur‘s invasion. As well, the ships making up Taffy 3 managed to inflict severe damage upon those of the Center Force.

Initial discovery of the shipwreck

In 2019, Vulcan Inc. announced it had discovered what it believed to be the wreck of the USS Johnston. Using a remote-operated vehicle (ROV), the team spotted the debris 20,400 feet below the Philippine Sea, at the edge of an underwater precipice known as Emden Deep.

USS Johnston (DD-557) shipwreck below the water
Bridge and MK-37 Gun Fire Control System on the wreck of the USS Johnston (DD-557), discovered during a dive on March 31, 2021. (Photo Credit: Vlvescovo / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

The wreck’s depth meant it was impossible to survey it in its entirety, due to fears of losing connectivity with the ROV. As such, the team was only able to determine that the ship was a Fletcher-class destroyer.

However, as Johnston and the USS Hoel had both sank during the Battle off Samar, they couldn’t be certain the ship was, in fact, the former. They could only surmise based on its location and color.

USS Johnston (DD-557) shipwreck below the water
Gun turret No. 51 on the bow of the wreck of the USS Johnston (DD-557), discovered during a dive on March 31, 2021. (Photo Credit: Vlvescovo / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

The footage obtained showed the wreck to be well-preserved, but in rough shape with no hull structure. The team noted two five-inch gun mounts, a propellor shaft, two funnels and multiple pieces of mangled metal found on and around the ship.

Confirmation the USS Johnston has been located

In March 2021, Caladan Oceanic announced it had confirmed the wreck discovered by Vulcan Inc. was the USS Johnston. Using the research vessel DSV Limiting Factor, the company fully surveyed and photographed the wreckage, revealing the hull’s number – 557 – and positively identifying the wreck as belonging to the sunken destroyer.

View of the starboard bow of the USS Johnston (DD-557)
The starboard-bow of the wreck of the USS Johnston (DD-557) was discovered during a dive on March 31, 2021. (Photo Credit: Vlvescovo / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

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According to the team of researchers, Johnston sits at a depth of 21,180 feet below sea level, more than 100 feet deeper than previously thought. This initially made it the deepest shipwreck ever discovered – that is, until the wreckage of the USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413) was uncovered in June 2022.

The John C. Butler-class destroyer escort, which sunk after being hit by a torpedo during the Battle off Samar, was found sitting 22,621 feet below the ocean’s surface, making it the deepest wreckage ever discovered.

Clare Fitzgerald

Clare Fitzgerald is a Writer and Editor with eight years of experience in the online content sphere. Graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s University College at Western University, her portfolio includes coverage of digital media, current affairs, history and true crime.

Among her accomplishments are being the Founder of the true crime blog, Stories of the Unsolved, which garners between 400,000 and 500,000 views annually, and a contributor for John Lordan’s Seriously Mysterious podcast. Prior to its hiatus, she also served as the Head of Content for UK YouTube publication, TenEighty Magazine.

In her spare time, Clare likes to play Pokemon GO and re-watch Heartland over and over (and over) again. She’ll also rave about her three Maltese dogs whenever she gets the chance.

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