David Dushman: Last Surviving Soviet Solider To Liberate Auschwitz Dies At 98

Photo Credit: NurPhoto / Getty Images
Photo Credit: NurPhoto / Getty Images

David Dushman was a 21-year-old serviceman with the Red Army when he took part in the liberation of Auschwitz. The last surviving Soviet soldier to take part in the military operation, he passed away on June 5, 2021, at the age of 98.

The death of a war hero

Dushman’s death was confirmed by Charlotte Knobloch, President of the Jewish Community of Munich and Upper Bavaria. In a statement shared on the community’s website, Knobloch announced the “hero of Auschwitz” died at a Munich hospital.

David Dushman during a memorial service in Ukraine in 2015
Photo Credit: NurPhoto / Getty Images

“It is with great sadness that I learned of David Dushman’s death,” Knobloch, herself a Holocaust survivor, wrote. “Every contemporary witness that leaves us is a loss, but saying goodbye to David Dushman is particularly painful.

“With him we lose a brave, honest and sincere man and an honorary member of our religious community,” she continued. “We remain deeply grateful to him and will keep him an honorable memory.”

The Liberation of Auschwitz

The Auschwitz concentration camp was the largest under Hitler’s Nazi regime. Located in Poland, it was responsible for the deaths of over a million people, primarily Jews, through the use of gas chambers, medical experiments, systemic starvation, disease, and forced labor.

Black and white photograph of the gate at Auschwitz concentration camp in 1945
Gate at Auschwitz, with the phrase “Work makes you free.” (Photo Credit: Unknown Author / Wikimedia Commons)

On the early afternoon of January 27, 1945, Dushman drove his T-34 tank over the electric fence at Auschwitz. Once the fence was down, ground soldiers with the 332nd Soviet Rifle Division were able to enter, initiating the camp’s liberation.

During a later interview, Dushman recalled that they weren’t aware of Auschwitz’s existence and didn’t immediately realize the scope of the horrors that had taken place there. “They stumbled out of the barracks, they sat and lay among the dead,” he said, adding troops offered food before moving on “to hunt fascists.”

Not long after arriving at Auschwitz, Dushman was ordered to leave and make his way to Berlin. This was just one of the many significant military events he took part in during the conflict, along with the Battles of Stalingrad and Kursk.

Frontal view of the entrance at Auschwitz
Auschwitz (Photo Credit: Jason M Ramos / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 2.0)

At the end of the war, he was one of only 69 members of his division to survive. This was despite being severely injured three times, with one injury requiring the removal of part of his lung. For his service, he was awarded more than 40 decorations and distinctions, including the Order of the Patriotic War.

David Dushman’s life after the war

Dushman became a professional fencer for the Soviet Union after the war. From 1952 to 1988, he coached the country’s women’s national fencing team. His involvement resulted in him being present at the 1972 Munich Olympics, which saw an event that later became known as the Munich Massacre.

On September 5, 1972, eight armed members of the Palestinian group Black September broke into the Olympic compound, killed two members of the Israeli team, and abducted nine more. During the rescue attempt, the remaining hostages were killed, along with five Black September members and a police officer from West Germany. The remaining three members were taken into custody.

David Dushman overcome with emotion during a memorial service in Ukraine in 2015
Photo Credit: NurPhoto / Getty Images

During his later life, Dushman lived in Austria before moving to Munich-Neuperlach in 1996 with his wife, Zoja. He visited schools to educate students about the war and the events of the Holocaust, and often attended veterans gatherings.

Clare Fitzgerald

Clare Fitzgerald is a Writer and Editor with eight years of experience in the online content sphere. Graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s University College at Western University, her portfolio includes coverage of digital media, current affairs, history and true crime.

Among her accomplishments are being the Founder of the true crime blog, Stories of the Unsolved, which garners between 400,000 and 500,000 views annually, and a contributor for John Lordan’s Seriously Mysterious podcast. Prior to its hiatus, she also served as the Head of Content for UK YouTube publication, TenEighty Magazine.

In her spare time, Clare likes to play Pokemon GO and re-watch Heartland over and over (and over) again. She’ll also rave about her three Maltese dogs whenever she gets the chance.

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