Trial by Fire – The Char B1 Tank During the Battle of France


During the interwar period, France was the military powerhouse of Continental Europe. Being victors of the First World War, the French began to develop weapons technology as well as to finance a massive standing army. As such, they took on a leading role when it came to the mass production of tanks which were, in the 1930s, considered state-of-the-art weaponry.

Even though French tanks were advanced for their time, the doctrines under which they were operated still dated from the Great War. The emphasis was on their offensive role during large-scale breakthroughs of fortified and entrenched frontlines.

French Char B1

On that basis, the Char B1 sported a design very reminiscent of the early British Mk I tanks. It had large tracks going around the entire hull and armor plates protecting the suspension. The turret provided room for only one person which meant the tank commander also had to be the gunner, making his role extremely difficult indeed.

Char B1 bis abandoned by the roadside, rear view

By the 1940s, this concept seemed centuries-old, especially given the surge of investments to tank-related technology during the war.

As such, when the Germans invaded France in 1940, it very quickly became clear that the Blitzkrieg was the future of armored combat. The static warfare that had been characteristic to WWI Western Front fighting was now a thing of the past.

Char B1 bis of 1 DCR destroyed by their crews at Beaumont in May 1940

It wasn’t long before the front line in France collapsed, leaving pockets of resistance and a lack of communications between the scattered divisions.

The Char B1 tanks proved more than capable at tackling enemy armor, which at the time mostly consisted of light tanks such as the Panzer I and Panzer II. However, the general lack of coordination between infantry and artillery proved fatal for any strategic advance.

German soldiers examining knocked out French Char B1 bis

Another flaw which plagued the Char B1 and played a vital role in limiting its effectivity was fuel. The tank had a high fuel consumption, as it was never designed to be constantly on the move.

Its role was more like that of a battering ram: intended to be used for one big push against an enemy fortification, after which it would replenish its fuel and get repaired if necessary.

French Char B1 bis Tank 203 named MAROC of 15th BCC on street 1940

The poor features of the B1 helped to bring about the fall of France. While the Germans invested in well-timed and well-combined attacks which included a high level of cooperation between tanks, artillery, infantry, and aircraft units, the French were still living in the glory days of WWI and failed to keep up with the times.

More photos:

B1 bis 260 named Ouragan of the 8e BCC – Guise France 1940


B1 bis tank number 484 of the 46th BCC named Lyautey


Captured French B1 Bis Tank Named LIEUTENANT DE GISSAC


Char B1 bis tank 249 named RAPIDE of the 8th BCC


Char B1 bis tank


Char B1 bis tank


Char B1 bis tanks of 37th BCC


Char B1 bis 492 named Jean Bart of the 28e BCCr, 1940


B1 bis tank #332 “O” named Marne of the 37th Bataillon de Chars de Combat


B1 bis tank #332 of the 37th BCC named Marne


French Char B1 tank number 112 named Mulhouse


Char B1 bis tank abandoned at the side of the road somewhere in France after the german attack in May 1940


Char B1 bis Tank 534 named BUGEAUD of 28th BCC


Char B1 tank number 107 of the 511st RCC named Reims

Read another story from us: Landwhale Ahoy! French Super Tank Char 2C – photos and video

French B1 bis tank s/n 260 Ouragan, of 8e BCC, after its captured by German forces in 1940.
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