Whisky War: The Most Polite Conflict In the History of War

Photo Credit: 1. Toubletap / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 2. Per Starklint / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 3. SElephant / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0
Photo Credit: 1. Toubletap / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 2. Per Starklint / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0 3. SElephant / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0

Hans Island is a barren, uninhabited swath of land in the middle of the Kennedy Channel, in the Nares Strait, between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. It falls within the 12-mile territorial limit of both Canada and Greenland, the latter an autonomous entity of Denmark. While many may not think much about a nondescript Arctic island, it was a source of conflict for decades.

This is the story of the Whisky War.

Whose territory does Hans Island fall within?

Aerial view of Hans Island
Hans Island. (Photo Credit: Toubletap / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0)

It all started in 1880. Hans Island got lost in the shuffle when Britain was transferring its Arctic territories over to Canada. This was due to outdated 16th-century maps that didn’t show the tiny swath of land.

While this initially wasn’t an issue, it became one.

In 1933, the Permanent Court of Justice declared the legal status of Greenland, in favor of Denmark. The Nordic country claimed that geological evidence on Hans Island made it part of Greenland, thus making it Danish territory. However, the Court dissolved a few years later, making the ruling null and void. Once again, Hans Island was up for grabs.

Initiating the passive-aggressive Whisky War

Eight Danish military officers watch as another hoists the Danish flag up a flagpole
Danish military officers erecting their country’s flag on Hans Island, 2002. (Photo Credit: Per Starklint / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 4.0)

Things remained relatively quiet until 1973, when Canada and Denmark began negotiations on their maritime boundaries. Both claimed ownership of Hans Island and, despite extensive talks, no agreement was reached. A decade later, the two nations signed an agreement addressing the protection of the marine environment and its wildlife, without deciding who owned the island.

In 1984, things began to heat up – and when we say “heat up,” we mean Canada decided to pull the most Canadian move ever. Representatives made the bold move of traveling to Hans Island, planting a Canadian flag and leaving a bottle of whisky.

Not one to be one-upped, Tom Høyem, the Danish Minister for Greenland Affairs, rebutted by planting the Danish flag on the island and leaving a bottle of Schnapps, with the message, “Welcome to the Danish Island.”

From that point on, the bulk of the conflict – which has since been dubbed the “Whisky War” and the “Liquor Wars” – was largely one passive-aggressive gesture after another, with each country erecting its own flagpole and leaving other distinctive markers. For the Canadians, it was a traditional Inuit stone marker.

Coming to a resolution

Map showing the location of Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel
Hans Island is located in the middle of the Kennedy Channel. An invisible line divides it between Canada and Greenland. (Photo Credit: Twthmoses / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 2.5)

In July 2005, the Danish government announced it would issue a letter of protest to Canada regarding the issue, and a month later negotiations began regarding Hans Island’s future. This never amounted to much – that is, until May 23, 2018, when both agreed to a Joint Task Force, in an attempt to settle the dispute.

One of the resolutions agreed upon was to declare Hans Island as shared sovereignty, entitling the nearest Danish and Canadian municipalities to co-manage the territory. As such, both had a right to place their flags on the barren island. However, that wasn’t the end of the Whisky War.

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The true end of the conflict came on December 19, 2023, a year and a half after the Danish and Canadian governments agreed on a border line across the island, when the former officially ratified this latest resolution.

Clare Fitzgerald

Clare Fitzgerald is a Writer and Editor with eight years of experience in the online content sphere. Graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s University College at Western University, her portfolio includes coverage of digital media, current affairs, history and true crime.

Among her accomplishments are being the Founder of the true crime blog, Stories of the Unsolved, which garners between 400,000 and 500,000 views annually, and a contributor for John Lordan’s Seriously Mysterious podcast. Prior to its hiatus, she also served as the Head of Content for UK YouTube publication, TenEighty Magazine.

In her spare time, Clare likes to play Pokemon GO and re-watch Heartland over and over (and over) again. She’ll also rave about her three Maltese dogs whenever she gets the chance.

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