The initial Soviet deployment of the 40th Army in Afghanistan began on December 24, 1979, under Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. The final troop withdrawal started on May 15, 1988, and ended on February 15, 1989, under the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev. Due to the interminable nature of the war, the conflict in Afghanistan has sometimes been referred to as the “Soviet Union’s Vietnam War” or the “Bear Trap”
USSR red army tanks graveyard— few km east of Kabul, Afghanistan. When Russia left Afghanistan after the war, a lot of their equipment was left behind.