Clearing up the battlefields of WWII

 
 
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Europe, 1945: cities reduced to rubble, millions of people displaced, and landscapes colored with the rusted shells of destroyed tanks and weaponry, reminding everyone that events which shaped history happened only yesterday.

However, while the war machines which suffered on the field of battle piled up to hundreds of thousands, the front was never smothered in abandoned hardware. After the war, the number of wrecks left in the field was far lower than one would expect.

There are several reasons that explain why this was the case, and all of them are related to scavenging war material. Armies wanted to re-use as much of a destroyed vehicle as possible.

An abandoned Waco CG-4 glider is examined by German troops. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2004-0176 / CC-BY-SA 3.0
An abandoned Waco CG-4 glider is examined by German troops. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2004-0176 / CC-BY-SA 3.0

The Germans had developed a system early on of pressing enemy weaponry into service after capturing it. During the Battle of France and the subsequent evacuation at Dunkirk, the joint British and French forces left behind numerous vehicles, tanks, and artillery ― all of which were put into service and given new classifications by the Reich.

An abandoned Belgian T-13 tank destroyer is inspected by German soldiers. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-127-0362-14 / Gutjahr / CC-BY-SA 3.0
An abandoned Belgian T-13 tank destroyer is inspected by German soldiers. Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-127-0362-14 / Gutjahr / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Major Alfred Becker was a man who saw this as an opportunity to enhance the Wehrmacht’s arsenal with seized weapons, or as the Germans called them “Beutepanzer.”

Just outside Paris, in the former Hotchkiss factory, Becker set up his workshop/office in order to catalog, collect, and modify all captured Allied weapons.

Becker stands by during presentation of one of his Vielfachwerfers, mounted on an armoured French SOMUA MCG.Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-300-1863-30 / Speck / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Becker stands by during presentation of one of his Vielfachwerfers, mounted on an armoured French SOMUA MCG.Photo: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-300-1863-30 / Speck / CC-BY-SA 3.0

On the Eastern Front, great efforts were made to salvage as many damaged vehicles as possible. These were the glory days of repair and recovery units which existed on all sides of the conflict. The motto was “nothing goes to waste.”

SOMUA MCL being modified to carry 20 tubes of 81mm French Brandt mortars set on two tiers.
SOMUA MCL being modified to carry 20 tubes of 81mm French Brandt mortars set on two tiers.

Within the Soviet and American forces, there were units so skilled in scavenging equipment that they were even able to operate while the battle was still raging. As bullets flew around them, they would tow destroyed vehicles for spare parts or even dismantle damaged equipment on the spot.

Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, supreme commander of the Allied expeditionary forces, inspects an overturned German Tiger II tank left by a roadside in France by the retreating enemy.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, supreme commander of the Allied expeditionary forces, inspects an overturned German Tiger II tank left by a roadside in France by the retreating enemy.

After the landing in Normandy, Allied units with specialized vehicles had perfected the craft of clearing out huge battlefields to prevent roads clogging up and ensure that the logistics chain could function efficiently.

A Finnish soldier sits atop a StuG III assault gun the day after a Battle, July 1944. Photo: Jared Enos CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
A Finnish soldier sits atop a StuG III assault gun the day after a Battle, July 1944. Photo: Jared Enos CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

They established a pattern by which tanks and other vehicles, together with artillery, were moved to assembly points, designated as safe zones which were clear of mines and enemy activity.

The second step was split up the material according to type, weight, or damage level, after which they would end up in “strip-out yards.”

U.S. 7th Army Troops, 3rd Armored Division with captured 27,4cm K(E) 592(f). March 1945, near Cologne.
U.S. 7th Army Troops, 3rd Armored Division with captured 27,4cm K(E) 592(f). March 1945, near Cologne.

 

M10 Achilles IIC on tank cemetery.
M10 Achilles IIC on tank cemetery.

 

Panzer IV:70 (A) captured near Rudlin, 1944.
Panzer IV:70 (A) captured near Rudlin, 1944.

Read another story from us: Fascinating Pictures: How Allied Troops Were Welcomed as They Liberated Europe’s Capitals

Rusty old WW II and Cold War Sherman tank.
Rusty old WW II and Cold War Sherman tank.
 
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