Sat rusting away in a field 555 miles east of Moscow, these relics are all that’s left of a bygone era of Soviet innovation in military and civilian aircraft.
Among them are some of the former Communist regime’s greatest achievements in air travel, that have since been superseded many times and rendered redundant.
Nine thousand of the hulking Cold War wrecks can be seen at the vast plane and helicopter graveyard at Russia’s largest aviation museum in Ulyanovsk, in the Middle Volga region.
Each off the exhibits had to make their last flight here, touching down at the Ulyanovsk-Central airport, just a few hundred yards from the museum.
All except one. TB-1, one of the Soviet Union’s greatest planes before the regime fell in 1991, was brought here in pieces and re-assembled by the designer.
The TB-1 (ANT-4), was the world’s first commercial heavy-metal twin-engine monoplane bomber. The plane was designed in nine months in 1925 and just 212 were built.
Many of the planes were made by Tupolev, the 90-year-old Russian aerospace and defence company headquartered in Basmanny district, Okrug, Moscow.
Photographer Alexio Marziano said: ‘In general, cemeteries and museums aircraft something very, very attracted to me.
‘I do not know why, but walking among the huge carcasses of magnificent monsters gives me the same feeling as if I was wandering somewhere among the remains of the huge dinosaurs.
‘The sense of their former power and long-distance flights interests me. Each has its own personality and destiny. But most importantly – all of them with valor performed their duty and did not get ruined.’
The pictures were taken by photographer Alexio Marziano on a visit to the museum 555 miles east of Moscow
Another exhibit that takes pride of place in the museum is the world’s first and last Soviet supersonic passenger aircraft, the Tu-144.
The first flight of the Tu-144 was held December 31, 1968, the two months ahead of the Anglo-French Concorde.
However, a Tu-144 crashed at the Paris Air Show in 1973. It was introduced into passenger service on 1 November 1977, almost two years after Concorde.
The plane wasn’t popular because of its high prices and slow loading times. And when one crashed during a demonstration flight at Le Bourget in 1973, killing all six crew members, the Aeroflot stopped using them.