10 Things You May Not Know About World War I

 
This image was shown on the 9 January 1915 issue of The Illustrated London News, entitled "British and German Soldiers Arm-in-Arm Exchanging Headgear: A Christmas Truce between Opposing Trenches"
 
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Allied POWs: a Vietnamese, Tunisian, Senegalese, Sudanese, Russian, American, Portuguese, and an Englishman in a German prison camp
Allied POWs: a Vietnamese, Tunisian, Senegalese, Sudanese, Russian, American, Portuguese, and an Englishman in a German prison camp

World War I was fought from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Because many of the combatants had colonies and alliances beyond the continent, it drew in others from around the world. And due to the technological advances at the time, over 9 million soldiers and more than 7 million civilians died.

WWI would change the map of Europe and end in such a way that made WWII inevitable. Despite its impact even today, there’s a lot many don’t know about this conflict.

1. Soldiers of the Allied Powers and the Central Powers celebrated Christmas together.
This image was shown on the 9 January 1915 issue of The Illustrated London News, entitled "British and German Soldiers Arm-in-Arm Exchanging Headgear: A Christmas Truce between Opposing Trenches"
This image was shown on the 9 January 1915 issue of The Illustrated London News, entitled “British and German Soldiers Arm-in-Arm Exchanging Headgear: A Christmas Truce between Opposing Trenches”

This is known as the Christmas Truce. By September 1914, both sides were ensconced in trenches. The Germans were trying to break through into France, while the Allies were determined to avoid that and push them out.

As Christmas approached, ceasefires were called so both sides could bury their dead. But on December 25, something very strange happened. About 100,000 British and German soldiers put aside their guns, shook hands, and exchanged food and gifts. By 1915, however, as the casualties grew, the camaraderie ended and there were no more truces.

2. Aviators from both sides got along.
American machine gunners shot down this German Hannover CL III in France's Argonne region on 4 October 1918
American machine gunners shot down this German Hannover CL III in France’s Argonne region on 4 October 1918

Even after the Christmas Truce ended, Allied and Central pilots continued their camaraderie. It’s believed they saw themselves as a breed apart, and that flying distanced them emotionally from the horrors below.

In 1915, a German pilot who was downed behind Allied lines was first wined and dined by Allied aviators before they handed him over to the military. When an “enemy” pilot was shot down, aviators of the other side would fly over enemy territory to drop a note, letting them know if the downed pilot died or was taken alive into custody.

3. The war forced Britain to improve healthcare services for its people.
Recruitment poster depicting Lord Herbert Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War
Recruitment poster depicting Lord Herbert Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War

Although the country entered the war at the height of its wealth and power, very little of that wealth reached the vast majority of the British people. Malnutrition was so widespread, that of the millions who applied to become soldiers, almost 40% had to be rejected.

Today, the average height of an adult British Caucasian male is about 5’9”. In 1914, their average height was 5’2”, though a member of the upper class stood about 5’6” These findings shamed the government into providing subsidized health care for common people.

4. Millions of minors served in the military.
Edouard, an orphan, is probably 15-years-old in this picture. He is shown standing with his "new parents," members of the French military. To glorify his service, the caption calls him Le Petite Bleu (the little blue) because of the blue pants all poilu (common soldiers) wear
Edouard, an orphan, is probably 15-years-old in this picture. He is shown standing with his “new parents,” members of the French military. To glorify his service, the caption calls him Le Petite Bleu (the little blue) because of the blue pants all poilu (common soldiers) wore

The official age required to become a recruit was between 18 and 19, but it was rarely enforced. Poverty and desperation forced many to lie about their age because they needed jobs and food. There were an estimated 250,000 minors from Britain, alone, the youngest being 12; while Canada sent over 20,000 minors.

Desperate for soldiers, some countries were willing to look the other way, while others, like France, encouraged boys as young as 15 to join. Once in, they were treated the same as the older men. Many died, as a result.

5. Canadian troops were feared by the Germans.
Canadian Soldiers at the Somme in November 1916
Canadian Soldiers at the Somme in November 1916

Though most people think of Canada as a peaceful nation, Canadian soldiers developed a fierce reputation during the war. The Germans called them Sturmtruppen (storm troopers), because of their success in seizing enemy trenches and for taking extreme risks.

The Canadian soldiers also led the Allies to victory at the battles of Vimy and Passchendaele, which the British and French had failed to take. Whenever the Germans realized that Canadian forces were advancing, they prepared themselves for the worst. It’s perhaps no accident that Canadian soldiers were the highest paid among the Allies.

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